Religious communities are known to instill standards of achievement in their young people, but this observation may not apply as well to disadvantaged youth and their culture.
Licencing Abstract The present research study was design to investigate the factors affecting academic performance of graduate students of Islamia University of Bahawalpur Rahim Yar Khan Campus.
The data were collected from students through separate structured questionnaire from different departments of Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan Campus using the simple random sampling technique.
For analysis, linear regression model, correlation analysis, and descriptive analysis were used. A linear model was also proposed that will be helpful to improve the academic performance of graduate students at University level.
Many researchers conducted detailed studies about the factors contributing student performance at different study levels.
Lot of studies have been conducted in the area of students achievement and these studies identify and analyze the number of factors that affect the academic performance of the student at school, college and even at university level. The utility of these studies lies in the need to undertake corrective measures that improve the academic performance of graduate students.
It is generally assumed that the students who showed better or higher performance in the starting classes of their studies also performed better in future academic years at degree level.
Everyone can be surprised with this assumption if it could be proved scientifically.
From the last two decades it has been noticed significantly that there is great addition in research literature and review material relating to indicators of academic achievement with much emphasis on this dialogue, whether traditional achievement measures of academic performance are best determinants of future academic gain at university or higher level or innovative measures.
However, it is also observed that many of the researchers are not agree with this view point or statement. Reddy and Talcott looks disagree with these assumptions that future academic gains are resolute by preceding performance. In their research on the relationship between previous academic performance and subsequent achievement at university level, they found that students learning or studying at graduate level and the score secured did not predict any academic achievement at university level.
They also cited Pearson and Johnson who observed that on the whole grade association of only 0. It is important to note that even these studies do not agree with the former studies who explored that previous achievement affect the future performance of the students in studies, they confirmed that the admission scores are related to academic performance at university level but to a very minimal extent.
So the students belonging from higher social economical backgrounds will perform better than other students associated with low social economic backgrounds. Among many research studies conducted on academic achievement, it is not very surprising to observe that Socio-economic status is one of the main elements studied while predicting academic performance.
Considine and Zappala also having the same views as Graetzin their study on the influence of social and economic disadvantage in the academic performance of school students noticed, where the parents or guardians have social, educational and economical advantage definitely strengthen the higher level success in future.
But it is also noted that these parents make available sufficient psychological and emotional shore up to their children by providing good educational and learning environment that produce confidence and the improvement of skills needed for success.
On other hand Pedrosa et. They named this phenomena educational elasticity. It is obvious and true that the criteria for categorizing socio-economic standard in different countries are different depending of their norms and values.
The criteria for low socio-economic status for developed country will be different from the criteria of developing nations and same will be in the case of developing and under developing countries.
It is also assumed that children learning outcome and educational performance are strongly affected by the standard and type of educational institution in which students get their education. Considine and Zappala quoted Sparkles showed that schools environment and teachers expectations from their students also have strong influence on student performance.
Most of the teachers working in poor schools or schools having run short of basic facilities often have low performance expectations from their students and when students know that their teachers have low performance expectations from them, hence it leads to poor performance by the students.
Kwesiga approved that performance of the students is also influenced by the school in which they studied but he also said that number of facilities a school offers usually determine the quality of the school, which in turn affect the performance and accomplishment of its students.
Sentamu argue that schools influence educational process in content organization, teacher and teaching learning and in the end evaluation of the all.
All these educationists and researchers agreed with this principle that schools put strong effect on academic performance and educational attainment of students.
Students from elite schools are expected to perform good because they attend these elite schools and the main reason behind is that these schools are usually very rich in resources and facilities.In the field of education, researchers firmly believe that non-cognitive skills and factors are equally or even more important than cognitive aspects in the educative process and for employment potentials.
Jun 01, · Teacher Perceptions of Student Behavior. Teachers serve as a valuable resource for gathering information about students’ problem behavior and associated classroom and school contextual factors given the relationships they form with students, administration, and other staff members.
In this essay I look at four family variables that may influence student achievement: family education, family income, parents’ criminal activity, and family structure.
I then consider the ways in which schools can offset the effects of these factors. Personality Characteristics, Educational Attainment and Wages: An Economic Analysis Using the British Cohort Study been paid by economists to thepossible influence of psychological factors on.
2: educational attainment and labour market outcomes. Here, we explore the idea that A few early papers in the economic psychology literature.
Assess the extent to which home based, rather than school – based factors account for social class based differences in educational achievement (30) Focusing on home background initially, we can look at how material and cultural factors might affect a child’s education. Examining the Reasons for Changes in the Educational Attainment - Examining the Reasons for Changes in the Educational Attainment In this essay, the reasons for the changes that have occurred in recent years in regards to the educational attainment of males and females will be looked at.