If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form.
Collaborative Writing What parallel writing activities collaborative authoring or writing? Another definition is " With collaborative authoring, there is a meshing of the complexity of technical writing along with the challenges of collaboration. Given that writing is a complexopen-ended task, there are many ways of stating meaning.
With multiple authors, this adds to the complexity. The acts of collaboration and writing as they relate to collaborative authoring include: Collaborative authoring, therefore, requires effective communication between members of the writing group.
The communication requirements of the writing task are: Task division relates to assigning tasks and communicating the associated requirements and deadlines.
Brainstorming is generating and recording ideas to be used in production of the text. Editing involves members indicating their comments about and enhancements for the text. These comments and suggestions will be used to revise the existing text.
General discussions can include formal team meetings as well as casual, impromptu conversations. Determining what the purpose or goal of the document is goal setting. Also, goal setting can include establishing the timeliness and activities that relate to task division.
Besides facilitating the processes of writing, language and written text are the products of the group as well as the means of communication. When writing, the author many times makes notes or comments about the text within the text itself. To the reader, these notes may appear to be part of the actual document.
Therefore, there is the need to make the distinction between external representation and actual document text. Further, it is necessary to understand the context of these notes.
An important part of understanding the context of these notes is knowing the author The concern in this case is how to differentiate between actual document text, and the text produced as part of the planning and thinking phase.
Research on Collaborative Authoring There are various of degrees of collaboration in authoring. At one end of the range is a single author who through discussion with and review by colleagues produces a document. The other end of the spectrum is a group of writers who jointly author a document.
For this appendix, term collaborative authoring is used for two or more individuals who work together to produce a single document. Research on writing groups [ 4761 ] has identified three coordination strategies for group writing: With parallel coordination, the writing task is divided into sub-tasks which are assigned to each group member.
These tasks can be completed concurrently. Sequential coordination involves dividing the writing task in such a way that the first part of the task must be completed before any other portions of the task.
With the reciprocal strategy, the group members work together--simultaneously--on the writing task. Each strategy has inherent advantages and disadvantages. For each methodology key issues are how the work is divided. There is the possibility that methods could be combined to form new coordination strategies.
Based on the results of the study conducted by Ede and Lunsford [ 39 ], seven organizational patterns for collaborative authoring were identified. The above study was a survey of members of various professional organizations on their writing activities.
The results show how individuals complete the activities associated with writing--generally alone, generally as part of a group, or generally partly alone, partly with the group. Fifty percent of those surveyed performed idea generation or brainstorming alone as well as with the group.
For idea generation, the largest percentages are: Fifty-six percent performed editing and proofreading activities alone. One of the issues that relates to cognitive overhead is the use of "boilerplate" or template materials in the document, that is standard descriptions, and formats.
The respondents answered that they sometimes used "boilerplate" materials depending on types of documents.
They also noted that having a bad plan leads to disastrous results. Twenty- three percent reported that the entire group made task assignments.Parallel and Perpendicular Lines Atlantic Union Conference Teacher Bulletin • webkandii.com Page 8 of 20 Let's learn a few ways to identify these two different families of linear equations.
ACT English Skill Review: Parallel Structure. When you join two or more ideas—in the form of words, phrases, or even clauses—in a sentence (usually with the help of a conjunction), the ideas you connect must be parallel. Directions: The following sentences could be improved with the use of proper parallel constructions.
Under each sentence, a text-area is provided where you can rewrite the sentence. Under each sentence, a text-area is provided where you can rewrite the sentence. Parallelism: a mini-lesson Also called: Parallel structure Parallel syntax.
What is Parallel Structure? own writing •Good parallel structure improves the clarity of your writing. •To make your writing parallel, use the same grammatical form for all items in a list.
Super Teacher Worksheets Series & Parallel Circuits 1. type: 2. type: 3. type: 4. type: 5. type: 6. type: Tell whether each picture shows a series circuit or parallel circuit. ANSWER KEY Super Teacher Worksheets - webkandii.com Series & Parallel Circuits 1.
Parallel Structure means using the same construction for sentence elements that are the same in function.
Below are THREE rules to consider when checking for Parallel Structure in your writing.