Diversity in organizations is also related to OB in many different ways. Different people come from different countries bring different traditions and attitudes. People are now part of a worldwide economy with competition coming from nearly every continent.
Hire Writer Coercive power is based on fear of the negative results from failing to comply. Coercive power is effective through uses such as threat of infliction of pain or frustration through restriction of movement.
Reward power is the opposite of coercive power; it is based on the idea that compliance produces positive and valuable benefits. Legitimate power is one of the most common powers, it involves the authority to control and use organizational resources because of structural position in the organization.
Conflict can generate both positive and negative influences on an organization. Communication, structure and personal variables are three potential sources of conflict within an organization. Individuals have the tendency to communicate in very different ways. Variations in communication can be influenced by personality, past experiences, and culture.
Communication is vulnerable to misunderstandings and misinterpretations. What one person is communicating is not always what another is receiving. Organizational structure as a potential source of conflict is based on variables such as size, degree of specialization in tasks assigned, and jurisdictional clarity.
Also included in organization structure conflicts are member-goal compatibility, leadership styles, reward systems and the degree of dependence between groups. The last category of potential sources of conflict is concerning personal variables including, personality, emotions, and values.
Conflicts within an organization can be handled by a myriad of techniques including problem solving, super ordinate goals, and expansion of resources, authoritative command, and altering human the variable.
Problem solving technique of conflict resolution involves a face-to-face meeting of the conflicting parties. During the meeting, the problem is identified and resolved through an open discussion. Expansion of resources involves a conflict caused by the scarcity of a resource such as money, opportunities, or office space.
This resolution technique attempts to create a win-win solution of both parties. Authoritative command technique occurs when management uses formal authority to resolve conflict and communicates the desires to the parties involved.
Altering the human variable technique for conflict-resolution is the use of behavioral change techniques, such as human relations training, to alter attitudes and behavior that cause conflict. Effective leadership and management are important for the success of meeting organizational goals. When conflicts arise, organizations, specifically their leaders need to have the skills to identify conflicts and address those conflicts using an appropriate conflict resolution technique.
Organizational Behavior 14th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: How to cite this page Choose cite format:Organizational Power in Stryker Essay Words 8 Pages Power is defined as the capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B . Organizational Behavior • Organizational behavior (often abbreviated OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have .
Organizational culture is a theory of organizational behavior which assumes that every organization have its experiences, values as well as beliefs. Robin Hood spent the first year organizing the group into a disciplined band as referred to in the essay.
Organizational units and people in organizations get their power through their control of both power bases and power sources. Power bases refer to what power holders control that permits them to manipulate the behavior of others.
The textbook, Organizational Behavior, explains that formal power is based on an individual’s position in an organization while personal power comes from an individuals unique characteristics (Robbins & Judge, p. ). - Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts April 2, Organizational behavior encompasses a wide range of topics, such as human behavior, change, leadership, and teams.
Organizational Behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations.