Tuesday, June 24, General Knowledge 7 comments sponsored links F riends, in our last post, discussed about the Employment Generation Programmes of India you can read that post from here. Today we shall discuss about some important Rural Development Programmes of India. The amount has been raised to Rs.
Introduction to Rural Development Programme in India: The majority of population in India about 73 per cent is living in rural areas.
Living conditions of the rural people are very poor. Under such a situation, development of rural areas must receive adequate attention in various schemes designed for the development of Indian economy. Accordingly, since the inception of economic planning in India, the First Plan introduced the Community Development Programme and on 2nd October,first 55 Community Development Projects were inaugurated where each project was covering three Development Blocks.
With the passage of time, more and more such projects were developed and at the end of the Fifth Plan, about 5, Blocks were developed to cover almost all villages of the country, The community development programmes had undertaken ambitious schemes for alround development of rural areas which included improvement of agricultural techniques, exploring supplementary sources of employment, extension of minor irrigation facilities, improvement of transportation facilities, provision for social services and development of co-operatives and panchayats.
Till the end of Fifth Plan, about Rs. Inspite of these attempts, the Community Development Programme could not make much headway as it failed to enthuse the villages into the spirit of self-help, self-reliance and co-operative effort. Thus, the planners were worried about the failure of this community development programme as it failed to attract more and more rural people within its fold.
In the meantime lot of changes have taken place. At the Centre, the Ministry of Community Development and Co-operation was abolished and was replaced by a New Ministry of Rural Development for accelerating the pace of rural development of the country.
Accordingly, since the Sixth Plan onwards, various self employment programmes and wage employment programmes were introduced. Again in the later category, the Food for Work Programme FWP was initiated in for generating additional gainful employment and to create durable community assets by utilising surplus food-grains accumulated as buffer stocks in the country.
But this FWP created a little impact on the market wage rate, generation of employment etc. Thus, from April 1,the NREP became a regular programme in the economic planning of the country since the Sixth Plan, Later on various other employment programmes were also introduced which include.
Let us analyse some of these programmes in detail. The Integrated Rural Development Programme IRDP seeks to promote self-employment by developing productive assets and providing inputs to the rural poor through a mix of subsidy and bank credit.
As all these programmes overlap each other and therefore it became essential to integrate these programmes for effective monitoring and accounting.
This programme was initiated as a multi-pronged attack on the problem of rural development was designed as an anti-poverty programme. The process of economic development carried out in a country like India has benefitted mostly the relatively developed areas and also the relatively better off people.
Inspite of various attempts the benefits have not reached up to the backward areas and its backward people.
To rectify this situation, designing of special programme for eradicating poverty became urgent. Thus, for the alleviation of rural poverty, poor people should be endowed with productive assets or skills for their fruitful self-employment by which they can earn greater incomes and thus cross the poverty line.
Basic objective of IRDP as introduced in the Sixth Plan was to promote self-employment of the poor households along-with the transfer of productive assets, so that they can earn income sufficient enough to cross the poverty line. The plan also emphasised that these people were poor because they did not possess any productive assets of their own except their labour, nor did they possess any special skills.
In recent years, two special sub-schemes of IRDP are also introduced. Out of the total beneficiaries, at least 40 per cent should be women.
The programme of Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas DWCRA aims to improve the socio-economic status of the poor women in the rural areas through creation of group of women for income generating activities on a self-sustaining basis.
In respect of PMRY, total employment generated was 1. NREP was a centrally sponsored scheme implemented with Details of welfare schemes and programmes offered by the Ministry of Rural Development are provided.
Users can find information pertaining to Rural Housing, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, National Social Assistance Programme and training etc. Information about the land reforms programmes and schemes is also available. The nine schemes of rural development in India are as follows: The main objective of rural development has been to remove poverty of the people and fill the widened gap between the rich and the poor.
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) is a developmental initiative launched by the Government of India to provide sustainable income to poorest of the poor people living in rural areas of the country.
The scheme was launched on April 1, The Rural development generally refers to the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas.
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) is a developmental initiative launched by the Government of India to provide sustainable income to poorest of the poor people living in rural areas of the country. The scheme was launched on April 1, By subsuming 6 previous programmes - IRDP(Integrated rural development program in ), TRYSEM, DWCRA (Development of women and children in rural.
Accordingly, since the inception of economic planning in India, the First Plan introduced the Community Development Programme and on 2nd October, , first 55 Community Development Projects were inaugurated where each project was covering three Development Blocks.