Jeffery automobile factory in Kenosha, Wisconsin, c.
The steam engine powered factories in the nineteenth century, electrification led to mass production in the early part of the twentieth century, and industry became automated in the s. In the decades that followed, however, industrial technological advancements were only incremental, especially compared with the breakthroughs that transformed IT, mobile communications, and e-commerce.
Now, though, we are in the midst of a fourth wave of technological advancement: In this transformation, sensors, machines, workpieces, and IT systems will be connected along the value chain beyond a single enterprise. These connected systems also referred to as cyberphysical systems can interact with one another using standard Internet-based protocols and analyze data to predict failure, configure themselves, and adapt to changes.
This in turn will increase manufacturing productivity, shift economics, foster industrial growth, and modify the profile of the workforce—ultimately changing the competitiveness of companies and regions. This report describes the nine technology trends that are the building blocks of Industry 4.
To demonstrate our findings, we use case studies from Germany, which is recognized as a world leader in industrial automation. The Nine Pillars of Technological Advancement Many of the nine advances in technology that form the foundation for Industry 4.
Big Data and Analytics Analytics based on large data sets has emerged only recently in the manufacturing world, where it optimizes production quality, saves energy, and improves equipment service.
In an Industry 4. For instance, semiconductor manufacturer Infineon Technologies has decreased product failures by correlating single-chip data captured in the testing phase at the end of the production process with process data collected in the wafer status phase earlier in the process.
In this way, Infineon can identify patterns that help discharge faulty chips early in the production process and improve production quality.
Autonomous Robots Manufacturers in many industries have long used robots to tackle complex assignments, but robots are evolving for even greater utility. They are becoming more autonomous, flexible, and cooperative.
Eventually, they will interact with one another and work safely side by side with humans and learn from them. These robots will cost less and have a greater range of capabilities than those used in manufacturing today.
For example, Kuka, a European manufacturer of robotic equipment, offers autonomous robots that interact with one another. These robots are interconnected so that they can work together and automatically adjust their actions to fit the next unfinished product in line.
High-end sensors and control units enable close collaboration with humans. Similarly, industrial-robot supplier ABB is launching a two-armed robot called YuMi that is specifically designed to assemble products such as consumer electronics alongside humans.
Two padded arms and computer vision allow for safe interaction and parts recognition. Simulation In the engineering phase, 3-D simulations of products, materials, and production processes are already used, but in the future, simulations will be used more extensively in plant operations as well.
These simulations will leverage real-time data to mirror the physical world in a virtual model, which can include machines, products, and humans. This allows operators to test and optimize the machine settings for the next product in line in the virtual world before the physical changeover, thereby driving down machine setup times and increasing quality.
For example, Siemens and a German machine-tool vendor developed a virtual machine that can simulate the machining of parts using data from the physical machine. This lowers the setup time for the actual machining process by as much as 80 percent. Companies, suppliers, and customers are rarely closely linked.
Nor are departments such as engineering, production, and service. Functions from the enterprise to the shop floor level are not fully integrated.
Even engineering itself—from products to plants to automation—lacks complete integration.What can you get with an online account? How about access to Product Manuals, Product Bulletins and our Technical Forum for starters! Signing up for an online account with PDQ has many other benefits and most importantly, is free!
It includes companies that are in business as well as defunct manufacturers. Only companies that have articles here are included. This article contains one or more incomplete lists which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.
Many manufacturers outside of the automotive industry may breathe a sigh of relief that they are not the ones under the gun.
However, recalls are not limited to the automotive industry and manufacturers in other sectors would do well to heed the lessons that can be learned from watching current events.
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Discover all statistics and data on U.S. Automotive Industry now on webkandii.com! Driving growth? The future of Europe’s car industry Published AM ET Mon, 18 April Updated AM ET Tue, 19 April